Important Things to Know About Dental Crowns
In the modern world, there are nearly endless options when it comes to restorative dentistry and cosmetic dentistry. These procedures often fix problem areas without a lot of trouble. One of these procedures is the dental crown, which we will talk about today.
A crown is a restorative dentistry procedure that covers or “caps” a tooth in order to restore its normal size or shape. This is often done to improve the appearance of the tooth, while also strengthening it. Crowns are most often used when a tooth has major problems that a filling may not help solve.
For instance, a cracked tooth can be fitted with a dental crown, which can help hold together the tooth and seal the cracks in order to avoid the damage getting worse. Crowns are also used to restore a tooth when there is not enough tooth left to support a large filling, attach a bridge, restore a fractured tooth, protect a weak tooth from fracturing, or cover up discolored or badly shaped teeth.
As you can see, there are many reasons people choose a dental crown. We will look into the process and the facts around it below.
Dental Crowns Procedure in Edmonton
In order to perform a procedure for dental crowns, your dental crowns specialist will first prepare your tooth and make a molded impression of the teeth. This will then be sent on to a dental laboratory. In preparation for receiving a crown, the tooth will be reduced in size so the crown can best fit.
At this same visit, your dentist in Edmonton will create a fitted, temporary crown. This will be used to protect the tooth until the final crown has been manufactured at the dental laboratory. The crown will be adhesively bonded or cemented at the following visit.
A modern technology known as CAD/CAM (computer-aided design/manufacturing) allows for the display of a 3D image of teeth. The dental crowns are then created through milling of a ceramic block. If the dentist you are visiting has this technology, there may be no need for a return visit.
Front Tooth Crown
The teeth in the front of the mouth are the most visible and require the most precision. People generally want their teeth to look natural and realistic, which means having a skilled technician to make this type of crown is very important.
Frontal crowns are an option sought by those who might have a cracked or chipped tooth or those who want a more aesthetically pleasing tooth. Crowns are capable of providing a permanent covering that can limit pain and sensitivity and protect them from breakage.
Recovery and Aftercare
Once your permanent crown is placed, the dentist will take time to provide you with information about how best to care for the new restoration. Maintaining proper oral hygiene habits is important, which includes brushing twice a day and flossing once a day with interdental cleaners or dental floss. This will help to remove plaque where the crown meets the gum, which can help prevent gum disease and dental decay.
There are some other things to keep in mind after having dental crowns installed:
Avoid Hard Foods
Foods like peanut brittle and raw vegetables can move the crown when you bite down on it and should be avoided as much as possible.
Minimize Usage of Temporary Crown Tooth
Crowns may be placed on the teeth at the back of the mouth, which can make it hard to clean or brush them. Chewing on the opposite side of the mouth can help keep things clean.
Use dental floss to remove any food that is stuck between your teeth. With a temporary dental crown, it should be done gently and slowly.
Avoid Sticky Foods
Sticky food items can attach to the crown and even dislodge it. As such, chewing gum and eating things like caramel should be avoided, if possible.
Mouthwash, particularly an antibacterial mouthwash, is a great way to treat the area around the crown in your mouth.
Good Oral Habits
Doing things like eating ice and nail-biting are potentially bad for the crown. Try to avoid these things, along with grinding your teeth and using your teeth as tools to open packages.
Brush Your Teeth Properly
Even with a crown, the underlying tooth can succumb to gum disease and decay. This makes it critical to brush and floss your teeth properly. A dentist can tell you where to pay close attention in the mouth for the best clean.
Prolonging the Life of a Crown
The longevity of a crown is determined by how well it fits the underlying tooth. Getting a good fit can require a lot of precision and a dentist will need to pay attention to detail. A crown that is ill-fitting can hold bacteria, which can actually lead to more serious tooth decay as time goes on.
It is important that the tooth is in a healthy state to prolong the life of the crown. Your dentist will evaluate the bone structure and gums to make sure that the supporting tissues are in good shape. This can help to protect the tooth and minimize the possibility of gum recession that will expose the crown margin.
Dental Crown Materials
There are various types of restorative materials used in full coverage crowns, but the most popular three are gold, all-ceramic, and porcelain fused to metal. Your dentist will choose the material based on things like aesthetic requirements, strength requirements, restorative space, and durability of the material.
Porcelain Fused Dental Crowns
With porcelain fused to metal crowns, you can expect a durable, strong, and aesthetically pleasing option. This type of crown works best when the tooth structure underlying it has adequate space for the material. As far as the aesthetic goes, the skill of the dental crown laboratory technologist will determine how pleasing the look of the end results in it.
Something to keep in mind with this type of crown is that in some cases they may show the metal after time, especially if the gum begins to recede. It is, however, an option that is still used. Some will replace it, later on, to maintain a better mouth aesthetic. Another choice is to get a porcelain fused to metal crown, but with an all porcelain collar so this situation is less likely to occur.
The positives of fused dental crowns are that the porcelain over the metal allows for a more natural look, while the metal that underneath makes the crown stronger. On the other hand, porcelain can be more prone to cracking over time.
All Ceramic Dental Crowns
An all-ceramic crown uses a zirconia or aluminous as the primary material. These have a metal-free aesthetic option with numerous benefits. There is no need for a supportive metalcore, which means these crowns can be created with a reduced thickness of the material. This is often a good choice for teeth in areas with little to no space. The elimination of a metal core also allows light transmission through the porcelain for a better aesthetic and life-life properties associated with natural teeth.
All ceramic crowns are evolving to be more durable and strong, but they are often used in areas of the mouth without heavy function. It is likely that in the future, these crowns will be of even more quality and last longer.
The largest positives of a porcelain crown are that they can match the natural tooth color and may work well for someone with a metal allergy. On the other hand, these may wear down teeth nearby more than other crown materials would.
Gold Dental Crowns
Gold dental crowns are not the most popular option due to the aesthetics but may still be used in some cases. People who have strong bites or experience grinding and clenching of the teeth will find that gold crowns are durable and strong. Gold is also ideal for back teeth where they will not be seen by other people. It also is less abrasive when chewing, which can avoid wearing of the natural teeth.
In addition to these types of crowns, they are also available in resin, stainless steel, metal alloys, and combinations of many of the materials. A dentist will be the best bet for understanding which material works best for your needs.
As far as pros and cons go, metal crowns do not look like normal teeth. However, these are likely the longest-lasting option as they are durable and rarely chip.
Longevity of a Dental Crown
On average, a crown will last for five to eight years. With a good oral hygiene routine and supervision of a dentist, this number can go up. However, things like fingernail biting or grinding your teeth can also make this number go down. It really depends on how hard the crown is used and what kind of wear is placed upon it whether it will last a few years or many years.
Dental Crown Benefits
Dental crowns are helpful for relieving some uncomfortable mouth symptoms. If you have an infection in the root of the tooth, extensive decay, or a chip or fracture, this can cause the tooth to hurt or ache. Your dentist will consider the options and often address the major problem with the tooth. Afterward, a crown may be recommended to address the problem further and prevent it from occurring again. A crown can also aid in preventing sensitivity of a tooth.
Compared to some other cosmetic dentistry procedures, a crown is minimally invasive. Your dentist in Edmonton will ensure your enamel is clean and healthy before shaping the tooth, so it is ideal to hold a crown. After that, an impression is taken which is sent on to a lab. After a short wait, the dentist will receive the crown and place it in the mouth with a bonding cement. It is a quick and easy procedure in almost all cases.
Another worthy benefit of a crown is that it is custom made to fit your own mouth. Your dentist and a dental laboratory team will design your crown according to the exact particulars of your mouth regarding fit, color, shape, and size. This means that the treatment is individualized to suit your budget, needs, and style.
While dental crowns are largely restorative dentistry, they also can help with cosmetic issues, as well. As the crowns are fitted over the teeth, they will correct staining, crookedness, cracks, fractures, discoloration, misshapen teeth, chips, and more. Some people choose to use them as an aesthetic treatment, similar to porcelain veneers.
Many crowns last for many years with proper care. While the average time is five to eight years, this can be increased if the proper materials are used, and oral hygiene is followed. It is best to speak with your dentist about the particulars, but either way, they can be durable and last a long time.
As you can see, there are both benefits and disadvantages to crowns, but they have a place in any modern dentist office. These crowns can be used for restorative and cosmetic dental processes, making them an option for all sorts of people with all sorts of problems.
Contact our Edmonton Dentist Office for Information About Dental Crowns
At Sana Dental, we want to be sure you have all the information you need if you are considering dental crowns or simply want to know more about the process. Contact us at any time by phone at 780-476-3391 or use our online contact form.